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Clements & Smith
Thomas Carpenter (active 1775)
Gold and enamel cased verge watch with en-suite châtelaine
Case - inside: casemaker's mark TC with an axe above
Case - inside: hallmarked London 1781
Movement: Clements & Smith, London No 1340, 1781
case; gold, enamel
case 46.2 mm diameter case 22.4 mm thickness movement 34.55 mm diameter pillar 5.4 mm height chatelaine 222 mm length
Case: Single gold case with the bezel hinged at IX and the movement at XII. The bezel and band are enamelled in translucent red and decorated with alternating large and small opaque white enamel dots. Within a round border of ruby red and white dots on the back is a polychrome painted enamel depiction of Alexander and Roxana. On the inside the case is hallmarked London 1781 and bears the casemaker's mark TC with an axe above. Chatelaine: The en-suite châtelaine has a large belt hook from which hang six chains in two groups of three. The short group on the right terminate with a hook for the watch. The long group on the left suspend a small oval medallion with guilloché red enamel decoration. A further three chains suspend a larger medallion with an enamel portrait miniature of a woman. Four further chains terminate with hooks, one vacant and one with an en-suite winding key. Two further hooks suspend a miniature scent bottle and a folding patch box containing discs of mother-of-pearl. Movement: Gilt-brass plates with four tapered pillars. Gilt-brass barrel with ratchet set-up mounted beneath the dial. Fusee with chain and standard stop-work. Four wheel train, the centre wheel solid, the third pinion and contrate wheel recessed into the front plate. Verge escapement, the potence with a straight moulded foot. Steel three arm balance with spiral balance spring and Tompion regulator, the silver index disc engraved 5-30. The balance cock table is pierced and engraved with foliate scrolls, the engraved foot is solid. There is an engraved mask at the junction and a diamond end-stone in a screwed setting. The one-piece case catch and spring is mounted parallel to the movement pillars and is screwed into a recess in the edge of the back plate. The movement is signed: Clements & Smith London No 1340 Clements & Smith, unrecorded makers who are very likely to have been retail watchmakers/jewellers rather than watch manufacturers. The casemaker's mark is that of Thomas Carpenter of 5, Islington Road Clerkenwell, London whose mark was entered at the Goldsmiths' Hall in 1775. Notes: The miniature scent bottle and the folding box are not en-suite with the rest of the ensemble. Although similar in style, they are of a slightly different design and are additionally decorated with translucent green enamel, much of which is now missing. This green colour is not present anywhere else on the watch.
Bequeathed by J. Francis Mallett, 1947.