layer sublayer

12 September 2013 – 19 January 2014


Exhibitions: Francis Bacon / Henry Moore: About

About the Exhibition

In their different mediums, Moore and Bacon created unforgettable images of the human figure. The distinctive visual languages that each artist developed over more than half a century were marked by a growing simplicity and monumentality of form. Their perspectives differed: Moore clung to a belief in humanism, while Bacon espoused a post-humanist, nihilistic view of the world. In expressing their visions of humanity, the two artists had very different approaches: Bacon working from the outside in, disintegrating and dissolving form; Moore from the inside out, pushing anatomical structure to the surface.

Moore and Bacon were both born before the First World War, in which Moore was just old enough to serve in the trenches Ė an experience that had a profound, if delayed, effect on his work. Similarly, Baconís consciousness of civil unrest in Ireland, where he spent part of his childhood and youth, introduced him to the presence of violence at an early age. In the 1930s, both artists were influenced by Surrealism, but more especially by the biomorphic forms in Picassoís work of the period. In the Second World War, both men lived through the Blitz, Bacon as an ARP Warden, Moore as an official war artist. As war ended, a group exhibition opened at the Lefevre Gallery in London in which Bacon showed his Three Studies for Figures, at the Base of a Crucifixion (1944), propelling him into the limelight for the first time. It is often overlooked that, in the same exhibition, Moore showed two sculptures from the 1930s and 14 wartime drawings, some of which anticipate the theme (though not the savage imagery) of Baconís triptych. Exhibiting together in a commercial gallery was repeated twice more in the 1960s, when Moore and Bacon were both represented by Marlborough Fine Art. These joint shows, extensively reviewed in the press, gave critics a chance to compare the artistsí radical approaches to the human figure, which were seen as complementary rather than conflicting.

The two artists were united in their love of sculpture, especially that of classical antiquity, Michelangelo, and Rodin. In the early 1970s, the forms in Baconís paintings became increasingly sculptural. Bacon often talked about making sculpture, even inquiring on one occasion if he could take lessons from Moore. In recognition of this influence, works by Michelangelo and Rodin from the Ashmoleanís famous holdings will be shown as a prelude to the exhibition.

Downloadable Information Leaflet

No Photography

All exhibits by Henry Moore are © Henry Moore Foundation

All exhibits by Francis Bacon are © Estate of Francis Bacon

 

Click on an image to see an enlarged version.

<em>King and Queen</em> 1952-3<br />(c) Henry Moore Foundation
King and Queen 1952-3
(c) Henry Moore Foundation
<em>Lying Figure in a Mirror</em> 1971<br />(c) The Estate of Francis Bacon
Lying Figure in a Mirror 1971
(c) The Estate of Francis Bacon
<em>Head III</em> 1949<br />(c) The Estate of Francis Bacon
Head III 1949
(c) The Estate of Francis Bacon
<em>Portrait of a Man<br />with Glasses III</em> 1963<br />(c) The Estate of Francis Bacon
Portrait of a Man
with Glasses III
1963
(c) The Estate of Francis Bacon
<em>Animal Head</em> 1951<br />(c) Henry Moore Foundation
Animal Head 1951
(c) Henry Moore Foundation
<em>Second Version of Triptych</em> 1944<br />(c) The Estate of Francis Bacon
Second Version of Triptych 1944
(c) The Estate of Francis Bacon
<em>Four FIgures in a setting</em> 1948<br />(c) Henry Moore Foundation
Four FIgures in a setting 1948
(c) Henry Moore Foundation
<em>Reclining Figure: Festival</em> 1951<br />(c) Henry Moore Foundation
Reclining Figure: Festival 1951
(c) Henry Moore Foundation