The Ashmolean

Iraq: Navel of the World

Country Life [5]

These two cylinder seals were carved in about 2300 BC. One shows a an ox pulling a seeder plough, which dropped seed through a funnel into the furrow. This device allowed the farmer to control the distribution of seed very accurately. On the left of the other cylinder seal impression is a small flock of long-haired sheep. Above them two people are churning butter. Both sheep and butter may have been offerings to the god shown seated on the right.

Click on the images below to find out more.