Stonehenge and the Ashmolean

 

Watercolour paintings and a miniature model of Stonehenge, by Henry Browne
Henry Browne was the first keeper of Stonehenge, after Sir Edmund Antrobus purchased the monument in 1824. In addition to monitoring the condition of the monument, Mr. Browne painted a series of Stonehenge watercolours to sell to tourists. Mr. Browne believed that Stonehenge had been constructed prior to the Biblical flood, and referred to the monument as an 'antediluvian temple'. Mr. A.D. Passmore donated the watercolours of Mr. Browne’s that are in the Ashmolean collections.
... to gallery of watercolours
Mr. Browne also constructed miniature models of Stonehenge, built to scale with incredible attention to detail. He sold these models for 7 guineas (Chippindale 1983, 146). The miniature stones are made of cork, held together with small nails, and mounted on green fabric. The set held by the Ashmolean consists of a model of the site as it appeared in 1824, and a reconstruction based on Stukeleys' measurements.
The label on these models, written at the time of their acquisition in 1824, reads:

One is, in accordance with Dr.Stukeley's ideas, as it is supposed to have been when first erected, and the other as in its present condition. The diamter of the outer circle is 90 feet, and the height of the stones, including the imposts on cross pieces was 14 feet. The height of the highest pair at the back of the altar including the top stone, was 24 feet. The length of the altar stone 10 feet.

Stonehenge is situated on Salisbury Plain at about 11 miles from that city. Its erection is generally said to have been by the Druids, but it has also been attributed to the Romans, Saxons, Danes and attempts have been made to show that it may have been standing before the flood. But whatever opinion may be adopted on this head, there can be no doubt that it was a place of worship on a magnificent scale, although [illegible] in early times. The models were made and presented 1824, by the Revd William Richards, Rector of Chevenell, Wilts., and formerly a fellow of Trinity College, Oxford.

View list of paintings and models by Henry Browne
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