chimney pot (or, more properly, a smoke-vent) once belched smoke
from a merchants house in the High Street of 14th-century
Oxford. It was found when excavating for the new buildings at
Brasenose College in the 19th century.
The arms and
base are broken: the bases of many chimney pots tend to be missing
as they get broken off when detached from the roof. The facial
features of this pot were moulded by hand: you can see where the
clay has been smoothed under the nose and round the ear by the
potter. The beard and hat have been incised with a pointed tool.
The pot is made of unglazed, fired clay. In addition to more standard
building materials, such as bricks and tiles, the building trade
demanded from the ceramics industry a supply of ridge tiles, decorative
roof-finials and louvres to allow for the escape of smoke, like