This enamelled and gilded glass mosque lamp comes from early 14th-century
Egypt. Hanging oil-lamps like this were used widely in mosques
in the Islamic world and would have been hung from the ceiling
of the mosque from metal chains attached to the three glass handles.
As with this example, such lamps were often decorated with part
of a famous verse (Verse 24:35, The Light Verse) from the Quran,
illustrating the importance of both light and lamps.
This lamp was first decorated in gilt (see below) and then the
motif was outlined with a thin red line before being infilled
with coloured enamels. The lamp celebrates Sultan Muhammad ibn
Qalaun, whose name appears around the body and who was ruler
of Egypt and Syria from c.1299 to 1341. On its flaring mouth it
bears an Arabic quotation from the Quran.