Roman gold coin of the emperor Vespasian was struck in AD 70 and
found about 1850 at Finstock, Oxfordshire. The coin has the head
of Vespasian on one side and the figure of Justice on the other.
A gold coin such as this represented a month’s pay for a
coin is remarkable in that it was struck not in Rome but in the
East, in Judaea, quite possibly from gold from the Roman sack
of Jerusalem in AD 70 when the Temple was destroyed. The figure
of Justice on the reverse suggests that the Romans choose to represent
the bloody suppression of the Jewish Revolt as imperial Justice.
Half a million died.
coin probably came to Britain as part of a significant movement
of gold from east to west shortly after the Jewish War. The most
obvious explanation is that the transfer of the gold reflects
some kind of military movement from Judaea to Britain in the aftermath
of the Jewish Revolt. This was a time of renewed Roman conquest
in Britain, which was only just recovering from its own revolt
under Boudicca (Boadicea).