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Ancient Near Eastern Terracottas (ANET)

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Terracotta: AN1975.326

Object: Chariot model

Period: Bronze Age: Early Bronze Age IV

Dimensions: L: 14.2cm. H (with wheels: 19.6cm. W (over axle tubes): 7.5cm. Wheel dia. 8.2cm.

Region: Syria

Description: four wheeler; handmodelled; baked; pinkish buff slip; brown fabric; surface has dark mottling in places; surfaces and edges smoothed - probably with a sharp blade before firing; some encrustation and minor restoration. Box-like superstructure, with a high, vertical front breastwork and lower side and rear screens; rear half covered over, small step projects at the back with two horn-shaped projections at each upper rear corner (to grasp when mounting?); a small, seat-like projection rises above the covered part of the box leaving room for the feet before the front rises up. The front breastwork widens slightly towards the double-arched top, where there are two obliquely placed oval apertures for reins. On either side of the lower breastwork are horizontally pierced lugs, through which string might be passed to pull the model or a pole fitted with Y-shaped base. Narrow rectangular floor with tubular sheaths beneath front and rear to accommodate axles are now restored in wood.
Incised decoration is used to denote structural features. The outer face of the front, and its sides, has rows of oblique incisions in chevron patterns. The arched top is stippled with incised dots. There is a single incised diagonal cross on the inside front. The lower sides of the car have a band of oblique incised lines within a horizontal margin. Two wheels, now on the left side, appear to be of the same fabric as the vehicle, and are incised with four herring-bone designs radiating from the projecting hub on both the inner and the outer face. They may originally have belonged. The two wheels now mounted on the right side are slightly different in appearance. Although they do not have the clear incisions of the other two, they have "feathered" linear patterns in a band round the hubs.

Reference: ANET-29Bronze2Syr-Catalogue-1.

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