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Peter Debaufre
Stephen Goujon (active 1720, master 1760)

Gold and stone-set pair-cased verge watch

Inner case: inside punched with the maker's mark of Stephen Goujon - SG with a gudgeon fish above and a partial hallmark
Movement: Debaufre de Londre 195, 1730

case; gold

outer case 45.2 mm diameter outer case 21.6 mm thickness inner case 38.5 mm diameter movement 32.1 mm diameter pillar 6.5 mm height overall 27.9 mm thickness

Outer case: Silver outer case with gold rims. The body of the case is covered with mother-of-pearl panels and set with semi-precious and precious stones arranged as floral sprays with gold branches. Inner case: Plain gold inner case with a winding hole in the back. Gold pendant with a decorated stirrup bow. On the inside the case is punched with the maker's mark SG with a gudgeon fish above and a partial hallmark. Dial: A plain gilt-brass dial-plate supports a white enamel dial with minutes 5-60, hours I-XII and trefoil gold half-hour marks around an inner circle with gold dots at the hours and black double dots at the half-hours. Pierced foliate hour and minute hands. Movement: Gilt-brass plates with four square baluster pillars. Gilt-brass barrel with tangent-screw set-up between the plates. Fusee with chain and standard stop work. Four wheel train, the centre wheel solid and un-gilded. Verge escapement, the rivetted potence with a moulded foot. Brass three-arm balance with spiral balance spring and Tompion regulator, the silver index disc engraved I-VI. Pierced foliate balance cock with a chamfered edge around the table, a mask at the junction of table and foot and small streamers at the sides. The balance cock retaining screw is very large. The movement is signed: Debaufre de Londre 195 Although signed London, the origin of the movement is not so obvious. It is most likely to have been made in Switzerland, probably Geneva, in imitation of English Work. The case was made by Stephen Goujon of Porter Street, London who was Master of the Clockmakers' Company in 1760. Literature: Baillie, Watches, 1929 pl. XLVIII. Notes: 1. The origins of this watch are not very clear. It is one of a number of examples of watches signed Debaufre London which do not have a particularly English style of movements but in some instances have English made cases. It seems likely that the movements were made in Switzerland and imported into England where cases and dials were added and the watches sold. 2. The Huguenot family of watchmakers is best known for the work of Peter Debaufre 1686-1720 who invented a form of double wheel dead-beat verge escapement and in collaboration with Nicholas Facio and his brother Jacob Debaufre, patented the concept of jewelled bearings in watches in 1704. This watch however has its origins in a later generation of the Debaufre family.

Bequeathed by J. Francis Mallett, 1947.