English, Charles I, 1644, 44 mm diameter, minted at Oxford. Charles I on horse / Plumes and inscription.
This crown was struck at the mint in Oxford, which was situated in New Inn Hall Street, near the current site of the Ashmolean. Much college treasure was struck into coin to support the royalist cause during the English Civil War. The obverse shows the city of Oxford depicted beneath the king's horse. The inscription on the reverse summarises Charles I's war aims as support for the Protestant religion, the laws of England, and a free Parliament.