2. Stanley Anderson, The Cenotaph, 1919
Stanley Anderson (1884–1966) was a highly skilled etcher and engraver, and the Ashmolean holds a large collection of his works. His prints bridge the war, from Mobilization Day, 1914 (WA1975.40) to this image of the Cenotaph, or 'empty tomb', designed by the architect Sir Edwin Lutyens (1869–1944) and dedicated to 'The Glorious Dead'. This print shows the temporary structure made of wood and plaster that was commissioned by Prime Minister David Lloyd George and erected for the Allied Victory Parade of 1919. The permanent structure, made of Portland stone, was installed in Whitehall in 1920 and is still the focus for the annual national service of Remembrance. The figures below the Cenotaph in Anderson's print have a quiet dignity, while the shaft of light illuminating the memorial, piercing the dark clouds overhead, carries a heavily symbolic charge.