3. Archibald Standish Hartrick, On Munitions: Heavy Work - Drilling a Casting, 1917
Hartrick's series of six lithographs for the Efforts and Ideals series, 'Women's Work', reveals the important roles played by working women during the war, from bus conductors, carriage cleaners and farmhands to workers in heavy industry and the dangerous packing of munitions. The unidealized presentation of this portrait underlines the seriousness with which women approached their new opportunities for employment; the woman is as solid and powerful as the machine she controls. Born in Bangalore, the son of a British Army officer, Hartrick studied art at the Slade School and in Paris, becoming friends with Van Gogh and Toulouse-Lautrec. He is best known as a lithographer, and in 1940 – in an echo of his lithographs for the Efforts and Ideals – he was commissioned by the Ministry of Information to record the work of the Women's Land Army.