Art in China in the 1960s and 1970s was closely associated with state political movements. Following the rupture between China and the U.S.S.R. in 1960, traditional Chinese paintings, especially ink landscapes, began to serve as a new way of celebrating national achievements. The Soviet style of the 1950s remained evident in heroic figure compositions during the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), in particular on woodblock prints, the favoured medium for revolutionary subjects.
In contrast to the propaganda posters produced and circulated under tight state control, paintings and prints sometimes embodied the artists’ own expression. However these were mostly limited responses, either emotional or critical, to the political climate.
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