The Ashmolean's European Prehistory collection is one of the finest and most comprehensive in the country, especially for the antiquities of northern Europe. It ranges in age from the Lower Palaeolithic to the start of the Roman era, and is particularly strong for the Lower and Middle Palaeolithic and the Bronze Age periods. Geographically it covers most of the continent apart from Crete (see Aegean collection) and the Italian Iron Age (see Roman collection). A large proportion of the material is from Britain, including from fieldwork in the Oxfordshire region by museum staff up to the 1960s. 

Barton, N. Ice Age Britain. (English Heritage: Batsford. 2005).

Foster, J. Life and Death in the Iron Age. (Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 2002).